What Can Cause a Rear-End Collision in Traffic?

Rear-end collisions are one of the most common motor vehicle accidents. Most people don’t even realize how frequently these occur and how severe the injuries can be.

Most rear-end crashes happen when the driver of the leading car suddenly stops or slows down. All drivers should maintain a safe distance from the vehicle ahead to have ample time to react. When a rear-end collision occurs, it is often due to reckless driving.



Following the leading car too closely is a risky move. This dangerous form of aggressive driving by purposely tailgating another vehicle allows no time to slow down or stop to avoid hitting the vehicle ahead if an unexpected danger occurs. Try to keep a safe distance, to the best of your ability.

If you get involved in an accident, an Orlando car accident lawyer can help you pursue justice. A legal expert can help you identify the at-fault driver and collect evidence to support your claim.


A driver has little to no time to stop or slow down quickly when driving at high speed, and the vehicle ahead suddenly stops. The speed may lead to a serious rear-end collision that can cause a multi-vehicle pileup or crash. The impact of such a collision can cause serious injuries or even fatalities to the occupants of the cars involved.

Distracted Driving

Distracted driving is a rising concern among drivers as technology continues to evolve. However, there are many other distractions beyond your phone. Some drivers get distracted by:

  • Texting
  • Changing the radio station
  • Talking on the phone
  • Eating or drinking
  • Responding to emails while driving

Taking your eyes off the road even for a second can cause a rear-end collision. If you must use your GPS device or phone, wait until you can pull over and safely use the device.

Driving While Intoxicated

The driving skills of an intoxicated driver are impaired. Reaction speed is one of the most affected areas. What is more, fatigue can set in, further clouding cognitive abilities. It is important to note that some prescription medications may also impair your driving ability.

Talk to your pharmacist or doctor to make sure that the pills you are taking are safe when you are behind the wheel.

Drowsy Driving

Many people make the mistake of driving when tired. Severe fatigue is dangerous for the driver, as they can easily fall asleep behind the wheel. This is one of the leading causes of fatal car accidents.

Weather Conditions

Some weather conditions such as ice, fog, or heavy rain require drivers to proceed with extra caution. Failure to do so can easily lead the vehicle to slide into the one in front due to reduced traction.

A vehicle’s breaks may not perform up to expectations on ice and wet roads. Therefore, more caution is advised. Poor visibility during foggy weather can also lead to sudden changes in traffic flow.

Mechanical Problems

There is a wide range of mechanical problems that can take you by surprise at any time. A poorly maintained or defective vehicle can suddenly break down in traffic and stop, leading to a rear-end crash.

Furthermore, breaks can fail suddenly and leave the driver with no time or space to maneuver safely. In other circumstances, brake lights or tail lights can be faulty and thus not fail to signal the tailing driver to stop or reduce speed.

The Aftermath

Even slower, low-impact car crashes can jolt your body unnaturally and cause various types of injuries. Rear-end collisions can cause long-term injuries such as:

  • Neck and back injuries
  • Traumatic brain injuries
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Fractures

You need to seek medical attention when you get involved in a rear-end collision, even if you don’t feel any pain. You could be in shock; thus, it can numb some common injuries such as whiplash and concussions. Medical reports are also crucial for making claims, as they will show the severity and nature of the damages.

The Bottom Line

There is a long list of factors that can cause a rear-end collision. However, by practicing safe driving, most accidents can be avoided. If you are involved in a collision, contact a lawyer for legal guidance on filing against the at-fault party.

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