New Missouri Laws Take Effect

Missouri Laws
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Several new Missouri laws that were signed by Governor Mike Parson went into effect on August 28. The changes to state law include legislation concerning jail debt, vehicle inspections, and domestic violence.

Jail Debts

Local courts are now prohibited from placing individuals in jail for not paying their jail debts. These costs frequently tally more than a thousand of dollars because of the expenses of imprisonment. If defendants failed to show up for their hearings, additional jail bills would be imposed … despite satisfying their original sentence. Jail personnel are now required to use a civil-collection procedure to collect these bills.New legislation begins to go into effect

Vehicle Inspection

The state’s prior law on vehicle inspections required that vehicles more than five years old be inspected every other year. The recently passed legislation requires the inspection on vehicles that are over 10 years old or that have more than 150,000 miles. The bill’s sponsors believed that the former inspection policy was a significant burden to Missourians. This change will impact more than 20% of the estimated 5.1 million vehicles registered in Missouri.

This law also upped the license fees in rural areas. Governor Mike Parson signed legislation to help privately-owned operated license offices remain in business in rural places. These increased fees include the charge for annual registration, which will go to $6 from $3.50.

Bollinger County license office collected more than $44,000 from transaction fees in its first year in operation; however, its expenses were more than $45,000. Most of the revenue that license offices collect is earmarked for the state. The license office operators make money from transaction fees.

GM Subsidies

The governor signed into law a bill that approved General Motors receiving $50 million in state tax subsidies to invest in its St. Charles County truck plant. Through this deal, General Motors will receive $5 million a year in tax credits for 10 years.

Job Training

In an attempt to improve Missouri’s workforce, Governor Parson also signed a $10 million scholarship program for adults willing to retrain for high-demand jobs. The new program will cover the cost of tuition and fees for degrees and vocational certificates for in-demand jobs for those students over the age of 25.

Department of Higher Education

The Missouri Department of Higher Education is changing its name to the Missouri Department of Higher Education and Workforce Development. The agency will also add more than 300 employees from the Department of Economic Development.

Administrative officials commented that they designed the change to make a “more meaningful connection” between education institutions and the workforce.

Poaching

Poachers in Missouri will see heftier fines and penalties under a new law signed by the governor. The bill (HB 260) will also prohibit the poaching of wild animals. The new law permits courts to impose restitution on those guilty of endangering several native wildlife species. This includes wild turkey, paddlefish, white-tailed deer, elk, and black bears.

The new fines include the following:

  • $10,000-$15,000 for each elk or black bear killed illegally;
  • $1,000-$5,000 for each white-tailed buck;
  • $500-$1,000 for each wild turkey; and
  • $500-$1,000 for each paddlefish.

The bill also gained support in part from the fact that five Missouri elk were poached in recent years– none of the cases have been solved. In addition, the State Conservation Department noted that 547 wild turkeys, 58 paddlefish, and 4,731 deer were illegally taken, or poached, in 2017 and 2018.

The also increase some penalty-points for specific offense:

  • Illegal baiting wildlife is increased from four to eight points;
  • Purchasing, selling, possessing, or releasing prohibited invasive species moves from four to 16 points;
  • Violations for paddlefish poaching is increased from four to 12 points;
  • Taking over the legal limit of deer and turkeys is moved from eight to 12 points;
  • Doubling points for other violations related to illegal taking of wildlife from four to eight points; and
  • Releasing feral hogs into the wild is upped from zero to 16 points.

Landlord/Tenant

Finally, landlords are now prohibited from evicting an individual who is a victim of domestic violence or who is in danger of being victimized.

The law also requires landlords to work with victims who desire to break their leases if they have proof of a police report indicating they have been harmed.

New legislation begins to go into effect

Three years ago, Missouri’s Legislature enacted a law that let individuals to seek expungement for some non-violent felony and misdemeanor crimes. The new law now adds stealing, forgery, and fraud to the list eligible for expungement. However, it doesn’t amend the law that excludes violent crimes such as sexual assault or domestic violence from being expunged.

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