A heart attack can happen without warning, a sudden contraction in the heart muscle, causing death by asphyxiation. Some people die within minutes of suffering from a heart attack. However, sudden cardiac death does not always lead to sudden death if first aid is administered.
This is the reason people are encouraged to learn first aid procedures like CPR. When you see someone who you think is having a heart attack, you should not hesitate to help. Some people are scared to help thinking that they’re liable should anything happen to the patient. Little do people know, the law protects people who help during emergencies. This is where the importance of good samaritan law should be emphasized. You don’t need to worry about any liabilities because the law is there for you.
Learn about the important tell-signs of a heart attack or cardiac arrest to know the basic first aid procedures. Cardiac arrests can happen anytime and can even cause accidents at work or in different places. Saving a life might be down to these very details.
Steps To Help Someone Who Has Cardiac Arrest
1) Identify Signs Of Cardiac Arrest
One of the symptoms of sudden cardiac attack is chest pain. However, in some people, chest pain may become more intense and last longer than usual. It may also start causing suffocation. In some people, there may be swelling in the legs and arms. It may also cause a feeling of weakness in the limbs.
Other symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest include breathlessness, sweating, and nausea. Some people may experience shortness of breath. However, it is also possible that people may suffer from an extreme feeling of fatigue. In some cases, people may also notice a lightening of their pulse. Sometimes, even though there is no visible symptom, the person feels unwell and faint.
2) Call For Medical Assistance ASAP
Once you figure out that the person has a heart attack, automatically call for medical assistance. You can administer first aid measures when the person becomes worse, but calling for assistance early on will ensure that they get proper medical attention in case the situation becomes more serious.
3) If The Person Starts To Have Breathing Problems, Give Them Space
Most of the time, when a person begins to struggle to breathe, people around them tend to crowd over to see what is happening or what they can do to help. When the person begins having breathing problems, it’s important to clear the area so they can have as much air as they can. Crowding over a patient will also cause them to panic which can aggravate the situation.
4) If The Person Faints Or Stops Breathing Conduct CPR
In the United States, approximately 80% of the people who experience a cardiac arrest do not receive CPR or first aid treatment. In some parts of the country, such as the Pacific Northwest and the west coast states, a large majority of people who experience a cardiac arrest do not receive any form of CPR at all. As a result, many people who experience this condition are likely to die.
Learning how to do CPR can save a life if you are trained. If you already know CPR, you may save the life of another person.
Get them into a sitting position with arms at their side. Then, get them to lie down as relaxed as possible. If the person is not breathing or the chest is not rising, begin chest compressions using your hands.
When doing chest compressions place the heel of your hand on the chest to locate the center of the heart. Place the other hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers. With your shoulders above your hands, use your body weight to press the chest down. Don’t forget to keep your hands on the chest area. Repeat this process about 120 times per minute or until the ambulance arrives.
CPR is all about saving the life of another individual but only if it is done quickly during a critical moment. This is the reason all people are recommended to undergo basic life support training. Cardiac arrest can happen any time and to anyone, knowing how to administer CPR properly can significantly save a life.
A cardiac arrest does not always mean a death sentence. It can sometimes be treated successfully. Most cardiac arrests are not life-threatening and many people have survived them. The first step to treating a cardiac episode is to make sure that the heart is working properly and not causing any further damage.
The emergency treatment of cardiac arrest is the best way to treat a heart attack because it not only prevents the recurrence of the condition but also helps the patient recover quickly by bringing the heart back to normal functioning. The patient also gets a chance to recover faster because of the faster pace of the treatment.